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Probably the best-known economic catastrophe in the last century, the Great Depression, was a lengthy period of economic decline that followed in the wake of the stock market crash of 1929. This depression was felt worldwide as international trade collapsed and deflation soared. It took 25 years for the stock market to recover. Later in 1989, America's savings and loan institutions, originally created to provide mortgage loans to potential homeowners, began to fail after the Federal Reserve raised interest rates. Because S\&LS had to pay more interest on deposits than their return on the fixed-rate, lower-interest loans they held, substantial losses for the S\&Ls occurred, making repayment difficult for businesses. After this, the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act was created in order to rescue the savings and loan industry. Billions of dollars were provided in 1989 , which amounted to one of the most expensive government bailouts in history. Since then, other bailouts have helped businesses and individuals recover their losses. After the collapse of Lehman Brothers in 2008, multi-trillion dollar bailouts helped keep the world's economy stable.Question 1/3What is the main point made in this text?Governments have...always rescued failing industries, companies and individuals.always rescued failing individuals who default rather than companies.never defaulted on loans but will rescue failing businesses and individuals.always bailed out failing industries, but not those individuals who default.

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lot of people prefer to work in companies with less than fifty employees. These companies are classified as "small businesses" not only because they have fewer employees, but because they earn relatively small annual revenues. Other considerations used to describe small businesses include logistical methods, sales figures and gross or net revenues. People who run small businesses, such as bakers, shopkeepers, hair stylists or suppliers selling tools and electrical equipment are often sole proprietors. These business owners run retail operations or offer services, such as web design or print or photography studios. Professional practices, including those run by doctors, lawyers or accountants, may also qualify as small businesses. Small businesses vary a great deal in terms of size, revenues, and regulatory authorization. For example, running a home accounting business may only require a business license. Other small businesses, such as day care facilities or restaurants serving alcohol, may be more heavily regulated or require governmental inspections and certifications. After spending time working for a large corporation, some people may find starting one's own small business a viable option.Question 3/3According to the text, what is true about small businesses?Most small businesses...are limited to those run by sole proprietors who work alone.are limited to service industries that cater to the local community.exist in a wide range of sizes, earnings and regulatory obligations.can earn much more than any large corporation employing hundreds.

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YOU ARE EXPECTED TO WORK ALONE ON THIS PROBLEM SET.1. Say whether the following is true or false and support your answer by a proof.\[( m {N})( n {N})(3 m+5 n=12)\]2. Say whether the following is true or false and support your answer by a proof: The sum of any five consecutive integers is divisible by 5 (without remainder).3. Say whether the following is true or false and support your answer by a proof: For any integer $n$, the number $n^{2}+n+1$ is odd.4. Prove that every odd natural number is of one of the forms $4 n+1$ or $4 n+3$, where $n$ is an integer.5. Prove that for any integer $n$, at least one of the integers $n, n+2, n+4$ is divisible by 3 .6. A classic unsolved problem in number theory asks if there are infinitely many pairs of 'twin primes', pairs of primes separated by 2 , such as 3 and 5,11 and 13, or 71 and 73 . Prove that the only prime triple (i.e. three primes, each 2 from the next) is $3,5,7$.7. Prove that for any natural number $n$,\[2+2^{2}+2^{3}+ +2^{n}=2^{n+1}-2\]8. Prove (from the definition of a limit of a sequence) that if the sequence $ ft\{a_{n} \}_{n=1}^{ }$ tends to limit $L$ as $n arrow $, then for any fixed number $M>0$, the sequence $ ft\{M a_{n} \}_{n=1}^{ }$ tends to the limit $M L$.9. Given an infinite collection $A_{n}, n=1,2, $ of intervals of the real line, their intersection is defined to be\[\bigcap_{n=1}^{ } A_{n}= ft\{x ( n) ft(x A_{n} ) \}\]Give an example of a family of intervals $A_{n}, n=1,2, $, such that $A_{n+1} A_{n}$ for all $n$ and $\bigcap_{n=1}^{ } A_{n}= $. Prove that your example has the stated property.10. Give an example of a family of intervals $A_{n}, n=1,2, $, such that $A_{n+1} A_{n}$ for all $n$ and $\bigcap_{n=1}^{ } A_{n}$ consists of a single real number. Prove that your example has the stated property.

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ining lot of people prefer to work in companies with less than fifty employees. These companies are classified as "small businesses" not only because they have fewer employees, but because they earn relatively small annual revenues. Other considerations used to describe small businesses include logistical methods, sales figures and gross or net revenues. People who run small businesses, such as bakers, shopkeepers, hair stylists or suppliers selling tools and electrical equipment are often sole proprietors. These business owners run retail operations or offer services, such as web design or print or photography studios. Professional practices, including those run by doctors, lawyers or accountants, may also qualify as small businesses. Small businesses vary a great deal in terms of size, revenues, and regulatory authorization. For example, running a home accounting business may only require a business license. Other small businesses, such as day care facilities or restaurants serving alcohol, may be more heavily regulated or require governmental inspections and certifications. After spending time working for a large corporation, some people may find starting one's own small business a viable option.Question 2/3According to the text, what type of companies qualify as small businesses?According to the text, small businesses may include...bakeries, governmental offices, salons and bars.bakeries, health care facilities, nursing homes and postal authorities.professional practices, health care facilities or computer related businesses.professional practices, bakeries, governmental offices and salons.Continue

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i Select the best answer based on the information in the passage.Small BusinessesA lot of people prefer to work in companies with less than fifty employees. These companies are classified as "small businesses" not only because they have fewer employees, but because they earn relatively small annual revenues. Other considerations used to describe small businesses include logistical methods, sales figures and gross or net revenues. People who run small businesses, such as bakers, shopkeepers, hair stylists or suppliers selling tools and electrical equipment are often sole proprietors. These business owners run retail operations or offer services, such as web design or print or photography studios. Professional practices, including those run by doctors, lawyers or accountants, may also qualify as small businesses. Small businesses vary a great deal in terms of size, revenues, and regulatory authorization. For example, running a home accounting business may only require a business license. Other small businesses, such as day care facilities or restaurants serving alcohol, may be more heavily regulated or require governmental inspections and certifications. After spending time working for a large corporation, some people may find starting one's own small business a viable option.Question 1/3How is a small business defined in the text?Small businesses...employ fewer than fifty people with less annual income than larger firms.involve many professional people, such as doctors, accountants and lawyers.are the only type of businesses some people are allowed to run.have to follow stricter regulations and be certified by authorities.

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Required informationThe following information applies to me questions displayed below.Marco Company shows the following costs for three jobs worked on in April.Additional Information1. Raw Materlals Inventory hàs a March si balance of $\$ 85,200$.b. Raw materlals purchases in Aprl are $\$ 5+3,000$, and total factory payrol cost in Aprilis $\$ 376,000$.1. Actual overhead costs incurred in April are indirect materials, \$53,250; indirect labor, \$26,250; factory rent; $\$ 35,250$, factory utlitues, $\$ 22,250$, and fostony equipment depreciation, $\$ 54,250$.d. Predetermined overhead rate is $50 \%$ of diect laber cost.e. $10 b 306$ is sold for $\$ 648,000$ cashin Apris

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A plane composite wall is composed of three materials, material A, B and C, as shown in thefigure. The thermal conductivities are kA = 0.25 W/mK, kB = 0.15 W/mK, and kC = 0.50 W/mK,respectively. The thickness of these three materials are LA = 20 mm, LB = 15 mm, and LC = 25mm. A contact resistance at the interface between materials A and B is '' 2,10t c R−= m2K/W, as wellas at the interface between materials B and C. The left face of the composite wall is insulated,while the right face is exposed to convective conditions characterized by h = 20 W/m2K, T =20C. If thermal energy is generated within material A at the rate 5000Aq= W/m3, determine thetemperatures under steady-state conditions of(a) the maximum temperature, Tmax, within the composite wall, and(b) the surface temperature, Ts.

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The Whoville ministry of prisons is testing a new program to reduce the Whoville recidivism rate — this is the percentage of Whos who return to prison within two years of their release.The program is voluntary and available to Who-prisoners during their last 3 months of incarceration. It includes a strict regimen of daily exercise, a diet limited to bland oatmeal and green olives, and repeated lectures on the benefits of red marbles (with weekly quizzes). Five years into the program, the ministry releases some preliminary data on the program:The recidivism rate for Who-prisoners who compete the program is 17%.The recidivism rate for all other Who-prisoners is 35%.(a) This is an example of . . . [ Select ] [". . . an experiment, since the prison designed the treatment.", ". . . an observational study, because the program is voluntary."] (b) In this example . . . [ Select ] [". . . there is a treatment group, but no control group (since the program is voluntary).", ". . . there are both control and treatment groups.", ". . . there is neither a control group, nor a treatment group."] (c) Along with the release of the data, the ministry spokeswho issues a statement about the program, ending with: ". . . the evidence clearly shows that the program is working to reduce the recidivism rate." This statement is . . . [ Select ] [". . . not supported by the data. There may be significant confounding variables.", ". . . very difficult to judge, because there is no control group.", ". . . is very likely to be true, because the difference between recidivism rates in the treatment and control groups is significant."]

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Listening Activity No. 1In Britain, when giving or asking for telephone numbers, we don't say thousand, hundred or million, we say each number separately. So 4216759 is fourtwo-one, six-seven-five-nine. The ' 0 ' is pronounced ' $ {Oh}$ '. 0814360872 is oheight-one, four-three-six, oh-eight-seven-two. These numbers are in groups. The groups are codes for areas in Britain. When we say the numbers, we pause between the groups. However, when the same number occurs twice the word 'double' is used with the number. 1994422 is one-double nine, double-four, double-two.Listen to some dialogues between a caller on the phone and a secretary. As you listen write the telephone numbers and names in the spaces below.1. Is that ?Yes. Can I help you?I'd like to speak to , please.2. Hi. Is that ?Yes. Who do you want to speak to ?, please.3. Hello. Is that $?$Who do you wish to speak to?, please.4. Good morning. Is that ?Yes. Can 1 help you?I'd like to speak to , please.5. I'm sorry to disturb you, but is that ?Who do you want to speak to?, please.

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3. A decision at the marginLorenzo is a hard-working first-year university student. One Thursday, he decides to work nonstop until he has answered 250 practice problems for his chemistry course. He starts work at 8:00 AM and uses a table to keep track of his progress throughout the day. He notices that as he gets tired, it takes him longer to solve each problem. {cc} Time & Total Problems Answered \\ 8:00 AM & 0 \\9:00 AM & 100 \\10:00 AM & 175 \\11:00 AM & 225 \\Noon & 250 \\ Use the table to answer the following questions.The marginal, or additional, gain from Lorenzo's second hour of work, from 9:00 AM to 10:00 AM, is 75 problems.The marginal gain from Lorenzo's fourth hour of work, from 11:00 AM to noon, is 25 problems.Later, the teaching assistant in Lorenzo's chemistry course gives him some advice. "Based on past experience," the teaching assistant says, "working on 87.5 problems raises a student's exam score by about the same amount as reading the textbook for one hour." For simplicity, assume students always cover the same number of pages during each hour they spend reading.Given this information, in order to use his four hours of study time to get the best exam score possible, how many hours should he have spent working on problems, and how many should he have spent reading?Four hours working on problems, zero hours readingOne hour working on problems, three hours readingThree hours working on problems, one hour readingTwo hours working on problems, two hours reading

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KryptoRM 122Department of Science and TechnologyPHILIPPINE SCIENCE HIGH SCHOOL-CENTRAL VISAYAS CAMPUSTalaytay, Argao, CebuIntervention Exam (LONG Exam)Problem Solving. Show your solution clearly and systematically.Problem 1 (15 pts). A playground is on the flat roof of a city school, $h$ above the street as shown in Figure 1. The vertical wall of the building is $ {H}$, to form a $( {H}- {h})$ high railing around the playground. A ball has fallen to the street below, and a passerby returns it by launching it an angle of $ { }$ above the horizontal at a point $ {d}$ from the base of the building wall. The ball takes $2 t$ to reach a point vertically above the wall. Express your answer in terms of $H, h, , t$, and $g$.Figure 1i. Calculate the speed at which the ball was launched.ii. Calculate the vertical distance by which the ball clears the wall.iii. Calculate the horizontal distance from the wall to the point on the roof where the ball lands.Problem 2 (15pts). Two boxes, $m_{1}=m$ with a coefficient of kinetic friction of $ $, and $m_{2}=2 m$ with a coefficient of $2 $, are placed on a plane inclined at $ { }$ as shown in Figure 2. Express your answer in terms of $m, , $, and $g$.i. Draw FBD for each mass.ii. Calculate the acceleration does each box experience.Figure 2

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14. Which of the following is ignored when calculating accounting profit?(A) Total revenue(B) Variable costs(C) Implicit costs(D) Fixed costs(E) Total costs15. Habib withdrew $\$ 100,000$ from his bank account paying $5 \%$ interest to purchase equipment for his construction company. If Habib earns an accounting profit of $\$ 10,000$ and he has no other opportunity costs, his economic profit will be equal to(A) $\$ 0$(B) $\$ 5,000$(C) $\$ 15,000$(D) $\$ 105,000$(E) $\$ 115,000$16. Kieran owns and operates his own bike shop. In the past week, a competitor offered to buy Kieran's bike shop for $\$ 100,000$ and hire Kieran for $\$ 50,000$ per year. Assume the annual interest rate is 6 percent, and Kieran's accounting profit from his bike shop is $\$ 60,000$. Kieran's economic profit is(A) $-\$ 96,000$(B) $-\$ 90,000$(C) $\$ 4,000$(D) $\$ 10,000$(E) $\$ 60,000$